Tang Dynasty (A.D. 618 – 907)
The Tang Dynasty is one of the most important dynasties in China’s history, is one of the generally acknowledged Chinese most prosperous and powerful era too, and one of the dynasty with longest history, amounts to 276 years. We can say that the Tang Dynasty is golden age in China’s history.
The first emperor of the Tang Dynasty Li Yuan overthrew the tyranny of Sui Dynasty in A.D. 618, set up the Tang Dynasty. He make a series of reform, so, in the Tang Dynasty, China’s economy, politics, military affairs, diplomacy, culture, etc. are unprecedentedly prosperous. It is a prominent characteristic in the Tang Dynasty that military strength is strong. Through the incessant reform, the political system of the Tang Dynasty forms a set of complete and rigorous systems of officials from central to local. The education system of the Tang Dynasty has influenced China for 1300 years. In the Tang Dynasty, the influence of Buddhism reaches the summit in China.
In the Tang Dynasty, social economy is fast growing. The technology of agricultural production improves, the cereals outturn increases; the handicraft industry level is improved, the products are more abundant; the commercial scope is expanded, the south and north economic interaction are close. Because of the Tang Dynasty economy was developed, culture was in the world-leading position at that time, the culture exchange was very frequent with a lot of countries.
The literature get surprising development in the Tang Dynasty, accomplishment was splendid such as religious thought, literature and art, historiography, science and technology, etc., In addition, the society is open, folk life is colorful, these make the Tang Dynasty appear the high-level civilization. The Tang Dynasty is one of the strongest countries in the world at that time.
Until now, some occidental call Chinese “Tang people”, we can find out enormous influence and status of the Tang Dynasty in China’s history from this.