In English, yin Ii means “the lunar or agricultural calendar.” Yin Ii actually contains a mixture of solar and lunar elements. In China, many traditional festivities in a year are usually calculated according to the lunar calendar. The Chinese lunar New Year-known as Spring FestivQI today in China is the biggest holiday in China. The Chinese lunar calendar is the longest chronological record in history dating back to 2 600 BC. New Year Day can fall anywhere between late January and the middle of February. Each lunar year is associated with one of 12 zodiac animals. Each lunar year is given the name of one of these animals: the ral, the ox, the tiger, the hare, the dragon, the snoke, the horse, the goat, the monkey, the chicken, the dog and the pig. Each Chinese month starts on the day of the new moon. The New Year celebrations last for 15 days, from the new moon to the full moon.
The Origin of Solar Calendar and Lunar Calendar
Although Chino has adapted the Gregorian calendar in common with most other countries in the world for official and business purposes, the tra, ditional Chinese calendar continues to define the dales of festivals and is used for horoscopes. The calendar has a Very long history going back to the Xia (21st century BC-16th Century BC) and Shang Dynasty (16th century BC-11th century BC). It is based on a unique combinalion of astronomy and geography through observation and exploration. II is also referred to as the Lunar Calendar, Yin calendar, Xia calendar or the old Chinese calendar.
Following its creation in the Xia Dynasty, succeeding reigns continued to use the calendar but modified it from time to time. The Han Dynasty rulers instituted the Taichu calendar, while during Tang Dynasty the Huangji calendar was introduced and it was adopted by Japan, Korea and Vietnam. With the founding of the Republic of China in 1912, the Gregorian calendar was brought into use. Although ethnic groups such as Tibet and Dai have their own calendars, in essence they resemble that of the Han people. Islam reckons its own religion festivals according to the Islamic Calendar.
The calendar has links with natural sciences such as agriculture and astronomy, solar terms, the four seasons and traditional festivals such as the Spring Festival. There are links also with the FIVe Elements’ of which the ancient Chinese believed the physical universe to be composed namely, metal, wood, wood, water, fire and earth. Finally, of course, is sheng xlao – the symbolic animals associated with each year on a 12-year cycle.
Chinese Lunar Calendar
The Chinese lunar calendar is the longest chronolagical record in history dating back to 2600 BC. Like the Gregorian calendar, the Chinese Lunar Calendar is a yearly one, but the start of the lunar year is based on the cycles of the moon so that New Year Day can fall anywhere be1ween late January and the middle of February. Each lunar year is associated with one of 12 zodiac animals.
What Will People Do at Lunar Year
Each Chinese month starts on the day of the new moon. And the full moon comes on the 15th day of the month. The New Year always starts between January 21 and February 20. On the last day of the lunar year, there is a big family dinner. All members of the family except married daughters try to be present at this meal, even of they have to travel many miles to reach the home of their parents. Old quarrels are forgotten, and everybody is happy. After the dinner, the children keep awake to welcome the New Year.